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Dynasties

 

Abbasids  Early Islamic dynasty, 750–1258.
Almohads  Berber dynasty that ruled North Africa and Spain, 1130–1269.
Almoravids  Dynasty of Berber origin that ruled North Africa and later Spain, 1050–1147.
Ayyubids  Dynasty of Kurdish origin that ruled Egypt and Syria, 1169–1250.
Fatimids  Dynasty that ruled North Africa and then Egypt and Syria, 909–1171.
Ghaznavids  Dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled eastern Iran and northern India, 977–1186.
Ilkhanids  Dynasty of Mongol origin that ruled Greater Iran, 1256–1335.
Mamluks  Dynasty of former slaves that ruled Egypt and Syria, 1250–1517.
Mughals  Dynasty of Timurid descent that ruled India, 1526-1858.
Nasrids  Rulers of the Spanish kingdom of Granada, 1230–1492.
Ottomans  Turkish dynasty that ruled Anatolia and then much of eastern Europe and the Middle East, 1281–1924
Safavids  Rulers of Iran, 1501–1732.
Saljuqs  General name for several dynasties of Turkish origin that ruled Greater Iran, as well as eastern Anatolia and Syria, in the eleventh to twelfth centuries.
Samanids  Dynasty that ruled eastern Iran and Central Asia, 819–1005.
Timurids  Central Asian dynasty that ruled Greater Iran, 1370–1507.
Umayyads  Early Islamic dynasty, 661–750; Spanish branch, 756–1031.
   

 


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Text by Linda Komaroff, PhD, curator of Islamic art.
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