Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire, lay at the heart of what the Incas called Tawantinsuyo, or land of the four sectors. These quadrants converged near the city center at two adjacent plazas—the Kusipata to the west and the Hawkaypata to the east. The plazas reflected the Inca interest in complementary pairs. The central building of Cuzco was the Coricancha, which stood at the confluence of two rivers. Called the Temple of the Sun by the Spaniards because of its gold-covered walls, the Coricancha was the most sacred building. After the Spanish took over the city, the church of Santo Domingo was built atop the Coricancha. The Inca foundations of the church, still visible today, served as a reminder of the conquest but also of the might of the Inca. 

Exhibition Home Page Votive Figurines


Image: Santo Domingo, Cuzco, showing Inca foundation walls of the Coricancha.